Risk Assessment for Groundwater Resources in Dili, The Capital City
Decio Ribeiro Sarmento1* and Joao Baptista Da Cruz Cardoso2
1Fulbright Scholar, Environmental Health Division, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA
2Fulbright Scholar, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
*Corresponding author: Decio Ribeiro Sarmento
As a newly independent nation-state, Timor-Leste is in the process of developing itself to achieve better condition to meet and provide the needs of its citizens. However, Timor-Leste is still facing challenges in many areas including lack of clean water supply from roundwater resources. Dili, the capital city of Timor-Leste, is an emerging urban city that makes water availability is crucial. High birth rate and continuing rural -urban migration to Dili signifies that population in Dili is likely to increase, and this has put more pressure on water resources. For the groundwater resource in Dili – deforestation, lack of waste management, and unsafe boreholes and unmanaged domestic wells – are the main issues that need to be addressed because the y can greatly affect groundwater in terms of reducing the quantity and potential hazards for contamination. This paper highlights that assessing the risk to groundwater resources is vital for the sustainable management of water supply in Dili.This paper can definitely serve as an effort to raise awareness about the groundwater issue in the country that should be considered by the government of Timor-Leste.
Key words: groundwater in Timor-Leste; water resource in Dili; risk assessment; water supply, water quality.
Full Paper Can be accessed in http://www.ijims.com/uploads/0a176749f0ecd69b4ae3oc28.pdf